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The name 'Salem' appears to have been derived from Sela or Shalya by which the term refers to the country around the hills, as in the inscriptions. Local tradition claims Salem as the birth place of Tamil poetess Avvaiyar. Salem is also well known for MANGOES.

It is the one of the town of Tamil Nadu located in the Western part of the southern most state of India. Almost completely surrounded by hills, Salem is one of the major textile centres in the World. Salem city had population of about 693,236 according to the census of 2001. Also a survey of 2006 says that the current estimated population is about 8.4 lakhs. Also Salem city is said to be the fifth largest city in Tamil Nadu in landscape.  

Salem is also called as Steel City, Agro City, Limestone City, Electric City, and Mango City. Which itself gives a definition for the name ‘SALEM’.

The reason for the names is,

Steel city - The Existence of Steel plant in the City.

Agro City- Salem is gifted with large area of Agricultural lands in and around the city and Salem District.

Limestone City- Salem is also gifted with natural resource like Limestone, Magnesium carbonate and iron ore in the foothills of yercaud. Thus the availability of limestone gives this name to the city.

Electric City- The power grid in Mettur Dam situated near the city. This is a very important source of power for northern parts of TamilNadu and even to Bangalore city in Karnataka.

Mango City- This is the name this city is called right from the earlier days. Salem is larger and biggest market in south India for Mangoes.  

Below are some of the major industries in Salem City.

  • Salem Steel Plant
  • SISCOLsalem city in world map
  • Chemplast SANMAR -
  • Burn Standard & Co
  • Tata Refractories
  • Dalmia Magnesite
  • Indian-Oil Bottling Plant
  • Kumar Industrial Works
  • Veetechnologies – A premier BPO company

Economy of salem city

Salem is one of the largest producers of traditional silver anklets, which are popular among women.

Salem boasts large textile, automotive, poultry and sago industries.

Salem has one of the largest magnesite deposits in India. Companies like Dalmia and TANMAG have mines here.

The Leigh Bazaar market is one of the largest regional markets for agro products.

Salem had an active film production with former Modern Theatres Studios being the hub of Tamil film production. Now defunct Modern Theatres had produced some of the most successful Tamil films, in which many veteran actors have acted, including former Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran. However, there are no studios in Salem.